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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-20

Probiotics and Prebiotics in Periodontal Disease-Revisited


1 Reader, Dept. of Periodontology, Sinhgad Dental College & Hospital, Pune - 411041, India
2 Lecturer, Dept. of Periodontology, Sinhgad Dental College & Hospital, Pune - 411041, India

Correspondence Address:
Nihal Devkar
Reader, Dept. of Periodontology, Sinhgad Dental College & Hospital, Pune - 411041
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2277-4696.159110

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Treatment of periodontal disease in recent years has moved toward an antibiotic/antimicrobial model of disease management. Time has come to shift the paradigm of treatment from specific bacteria elimination to altering bacterial ecology by probiotics. With increase in the incidence of resistance to antibiotics, probiotics may be a promising area of research in periodontal therapy. Probiotics utilize naturally occurring bacteria to confer a healthy benefit when administered in adequate amounts. This paper reviews the evidences for the use of probiotics or prebiotics for the prevention of periodontal diseases. The role of probiotics in periodontics is still in infancy and a complete understanding of the broad ecological changes induced by probiotics is essential to assess their long term consequences for oral health and disease.


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