• Users Online: 89
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-70

Matrix Metalloproteinases & Implication in Periodontitis- A Short Review


Post-graduate student, Department of Periodontology, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Centre, New Pargaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Hitesh Desarda
Post-graduate student, Department of Periodontology, Tatyasaheb Kore Dental College and Research Centre, New Pargaon, Kolhapur, Maharashtra
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2277-4696.159288

Rights and Permissions

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a group of enzymes which are responsible for the degradation of extracellular matrix during normal tissue turnover and also during inflammatory processes. The expression and activity of MMPs in adult tissues is normally quite low, but increases significantly in various pathological conditions that may lead into unwanted tissue destruction,such as inflammatory diseases, tumour growth and metastasis. The role of MMP-8 in periodontitis is the well-known example of the unwanted tissue destruction related to increased activity of MMPs. Degradation of the extracellular matrix may involve four distinct pathways. A body of evidence suggests that matrix components may be dissolved by extracellular matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-dependent or plasmin (Pln)-dependent cleavage reactions and that larger fragment of matrix may be disposed by a phagocytic pathway by way of cleavage by lysosomal proteinases. Mineralized matrices appear to be degraded by a complex process mediated by osteoclasts which relies on degradation by lysosomal proteinases in a narrow pericellular compartment. Matrix metalloproteinases can specifically cleave and degrade collagens and connective tissue matrix at physiologic pH and temperature. The objective of this review article is to understand the complete mechanisms regulating the expression of MMPs and enzymatic activity is of great importance.Source for all the articles is electronic Pub-Med system, published in between 1997-2011 searched by using keywords like Matrix Metalloproteinases, Periodontitis, Extracellular Matrix, Collagen . Future trend should be directed towards the development of easy, reliable and fast diagnostic tools and the effective therapeutic strategies to reduce the levels of MMPs.


[PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed857    
    Printed18    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded125    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 2    

Recommend this journal