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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-97

Oculocutaneous albinism and the oral manifestation in a 14-year-old boy - A case report and review of literature

1 Department of Periodontology, H.P. Government Dental College and Hospital-Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, H.P. Government Dental College and Hospital-Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
3 Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, H.P. Government Dental College and Hospital-Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
4 Departmant of Dentistry, Dr. Y.S. Parmar Govt. Medical College and Hospital, Nahan, Sirmour, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Deepak Sharma
Department of Periodontology, HP Government Dental College and Hospital, Shimla - 171 001, Himachal Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdas.jdas_22_16

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Albinism consists of a group of genetically inherited autosomal recessive conditions which are typically characterized by a congenital reduction or absence in melanin pigment biosynthesis which gives the natural color in the skin, iris of the eyes, and hair. A person with albinism may have one or many of the following symptoms: absence of color in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, lighter than normal skin and hair, patchy, missing skin color, crossed eyes (strabismus), light sensitivity (photophobia), rapid eye movements (nystagmus), vision problems, or functional blindness, severe gingivitis, oral mucosal ulceration, and periodontal disease. A dentist can play a significant role in successfully treating albino patients if he/she has basic knowledge of the symptoms of albinism. We present a case report of a 14-year-old child suffering from oculocutaneous albinism who was reported to the Department of Periodontology, Himachal Pradesh Government Dental College and Hospital, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, with a chief complaint of bleeding gums and oral malodor.

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