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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 8-12

Institutionalized elderly people oral health status and treatment needs assessment in kathmandu district

Department of Community and Public Health Dentistry, Kantipur Dental College, Kathmandu, Nepal

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sunita Khanal
Kantipur Dental College, Basundhara, Kathmandu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdas.jdas_5_17

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Context: In Nepal, Senior citizens are the people who are 60 years and above as defined by the senior citizen act 2063. According to the 2011 census of Nepal, there were 2.1 million elderly inhabitants which constituted 8.1% of total population of Nepal. Aim: To assess the oral health status and treatment needs of institutionalized elderly people. Objectives: To assess the periodontal status, prosthetic status, and prosthetic needs and to compare community periodontal index and the loss of attachment (LOA) with age and gender. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six different old age homes of Kathmandu district. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among 200 elderly living in six old age homes of Kathmandu district after obtaining consent from the concerned authorities. The clinical findings were recorded using the World Health Organization Oral Health Assessment Form 1997. SPSS version 20 software was used for data analysis and P ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Among 200 elderly examined, 69 (34.5%) were male and 131 (65.5%) were female. During probing, calculus was detected among 37.5% of people. The highest prevalence of LOA 4–5 mm was found among 40.5% of people. The prosthetic need was 83%, of which 20% required complete denture, 63% required partial denture. On applying Chi-square test, LOA score was found to be statistically significant between male and female (P = 0.015). Conclusion: The oral health status of the institutionalized elderly was found to be poor.

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